The state of Djibouti has a profound attachment to democratic values and refers to this attachment in its first constitution, adapted on the September 4, 1992. The constitution, adopted via referendum by the citizens of Djibouti, integrates the stipulations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights.

It underlines the separation of powers, guarantees fundamental rights, recognises the multi-party system (effectively put in place in September 2002) and prohibits political factions from identifying them-selves based on race, ethnicity, sex, religion, sect, language or any other element that could serve as the basis for discrimination.